Category Archives: Religion / Theology


1. Describe how Muhammad began receiving revelations from God. What was his own reaction? Were there any who believed him?

2. Discuss Muhammads relationship with the whole line of prophets sent by God in earlier times. What is the Islamic understanding of the prophet Jesus?

3. Explain the implications, for thought, ethics and art, saying There is no God but God.

4. While stressing Gods transcendence, how do Muslims also emphasize Gods immanence? What are some of his attributes?

5. In what sense is the whole world of nature Muslim?
Read a few pages and then these 5 questions equally divided over the 5 pages. Please use the assigned reading for the assignment.

Feminism in Islam

PLEASE CHECK ALL FILES. INSTRUCTIONS ARE ON TERM PAPER ASSIGNMENT PDF. CHECK SUGGESTIONS FOR WRITERS ON HOW TO DO THE CITATIONS. PLEASE USE ACADEMIC SOURCES !!. KEEP IN MIND ENGLISH IS NOT MY FIRST LANGUAGE. Please cite every information and use academic resources. Focus on what Muslim modernists say about the topic and intellectually engage in the material. Compare what a couple of Muslim modernists say about it and talk about which modernist is more convincing and why.Mention at least 5 Muslim modernists. Use Chicago manual of style 17 edition (author – date) citation style. Please use academic sources only !! I don’t want information sourced from online website only from academic journals.
Please remove the part about western feminism, I want it to be only about feminism in islam. I only want muslim modernists to be mentioned !

Letters to New Testament Church

Letters to Churches
The NT letters to churches were written to encourage, correct and generally teach the early church what it meant to be the church.
For two of the NT letters assigned (Galatians, Ephesians, James, 1 John), carefully reread the biblical text and the Introductory article in the New Oxford Annotated Bible.  Then, based on those readings and your own observations, answer the questions below for each of the two letters you chose.

1.    Name the letter and the recipient(s) and author of the letter (answer as list or bullet points is fine)
2.    Identify the main themes of the letter (answer as list or bullet points is fine)
3.    What does it mean to be the church* in this letter? Describe in detail and at length the characteristics, actions, attitudes, task(s) and role of the church in this letter. (answer in essay format)
4.    What issues or problems addressed in this letter are relevant today? (answer in essay format)
5.    What are the parallel situations in our world today? (answer in essay format)
6.    How is the world today like or different than the historical world of your letter? (answer in essay format)

The Development of Monasticism Paper

As our textbook alludes, in the middle to late years of the first Millennium after Christ, there were some major changes religious, cultural, social, economic that affected the status and role of women compared to earlier centuries.  As you read through Chapters 3 and 4, note the activities and accomplishments of women during the early stages of monasticism and then compare that to the end of the first millennium when scholasticism was becoming more popular and the Roman Church was initiating stricter requirements and control on its members  (see the last four pages of Chapter 4 under “Changes of the New Millennium”

Review Chapters 3 & 4 – “Feminine Threads”
Write a 3-4 page paper covering the following points related to this topic:

Beginning with the section Christian Women and the Ascetic Life in Chapter 3, choose two exemplary women who were involved in monasticism and summarize their accomplishments, doing some extra research on them.
Then compare that with the role of women during the 1100-1200s AD when scholasticism was becoming more popular (see the last four pages of Chapter 4).  How did the changes in the requirements of the Roman Catholic Church regarding the priests and the administration of the sacraments affect women?
Do some extra research on this subject and evaluate those requirements instituted by the Roman Catholic Church in the light of Scripture.

Support your work with scholarly academic resources using APA format.

Any topic (writer’s choice)

Answer the questions

1. According to Martin, how does the process of essentializing work through the projection of an essence, labeling, attaching characteristics, and defining social roles? Discuss a religious and non-religious example.

2. What is group bias, according to Martin? How does it foster in-group behavior? Discuss at least one example.

3. How, according to Martin, how is socialization internalized? How does this internalization reinforce social positions and roles? Discuss at least one example.

4. According to Martin, what key elements do all social groups share? Make sure to discuss, not just list, these.

5. What is naturalization, according to Martin? How does naturalization function in terms of domination and social reproduction?

6. What is meritocracy, according to Martin? Why does Martin suggest that meritocracy is largely a myth?

7. What is habitus, according to Martin? How is habitus linked to class differences in society, and how does it reinforce what is considered “normal”? Discuss at least one example.

8. What is the relationship between habitus and religion, according to Martin? Discuss at least one example.

Any topic (writer’s choice)

There will be two questions to address and write on. Each question should be answered within half a page.  There will be more instructions in the attachment.

In what ways does Confucianism and Daoism compliment each other, and in what ways do they oppose each other?  Write half a page on this.

Discuss the role of women in Shinto. Write half a page one this topic

Any topic (writer’s choice)

In Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, he states that there is a common story of the hero across cultures and times found in religious stories, legends, and fairy tales and that this story is in fact everyone’s journey of self-actualization. In an essay, describe stages 1, 3, 8, and 9 of the hero’s journey (the call to adventure, crossing the first threshold, atonement, and apotheosis). In the introduction to the essay, identify and explain Campbell’s thesis of his book and define the following terms in the classic Greek sense: hero, myth, and inspiration (each with full descriptions). For each of the stages listed above provide the following: 1) a definition of the stage (several sentences), 2) the purpose of the stage, 3) provide one example for each stage, either from Campbell’s book or from lecture.Provide a full description of this example, several sentences.Outline of essay:

Paragraph 1 – introduction

Paragraph 2 – Stage 1

Paragraph 3 – Stage 3

Paragraph 4 – Stage 8

Paragraph 5 – Stage 9

Paragraph 6 – Conclusion.

Summary of Romans 1-8

Prompt: In 1,000 words, summarize the contents of Romans 18, paying particular attention to its major topics and themes. It is also appropriate to note puzzling features and/or challenges of interpretation.

Parameters: This is an informal paper, so no outside references are necessary, but if you would like to reference a resource, please cite parenthetically, i.e. (Wright, p.17). Your summary should be submitted as a Word document in 12-point Times New Roman font, double-spaced, and with indented paragraphs, page numbers, and headings when and where appropriate.

Purpose: This summary of Romans 18 introduces you to one of the Bible’s clearest statements of God and his purposes for the world.

Taking this into consideration, is morality possible without God? Critically discuss this question in light of the theories that you have dealt with in this course.

The research essay (assignment) should be a maximum of 1000-1500 words. Please adhere to
the word count!
You need to include at least six academic sources. Including in-text references (year and page
numbers) and a complete bibliography!

The notion of religion as a precondition for morality is deeply entrenched, at the same time highly
contested. In Platos famous Euthyphro, Socrates famously asks whether the gods love good
action because it is good, or is good action good because it is loved by the gods? Socrates clearly
favoured the former proposal, yet some thinkers argue that morality is dictated and indeed
unthinkable without God.

jewish religion

The idea that, on Mount Sinai, Moses received the Written Torah and the Oral Torah constitutes one of the key beliefs in Judaism. Analyze a story about Moses and R. Akiba in the Babylonian Talmud Menahot 29b (the highlighted section on p. 190 in your reading). Address the following questions:

Summarize the story in your own words. Whats going on there?
Why is Moses unable to follow the arguments of R. Akibas disciples? Why, at the same time, the disciples refer to what they say as a law given unto Moses at Sinai?
How do rabbis portray themselves in this story? What claims do they make? Why is the figure of Moses important?
Why is this story relevant to the topic of the Written and Oral Torah in Judaism? What in the story is the written Torah and what is the oral one? What is the relationship between the two?
Use information learned from lecturettes and this weeks readings in your analysis. You will find Goldman, pp. 258-260, to be particularly useful.

A well-written paper will have a concise introduction to the general topic of the paper, a clear thesis statement, and a carefully developed argument with specific examples supporting the thesis statement.

Your paper should be written according to the following guidelines.

Your paper should be no longer than three pages (typed, double-spaced) and should concisely, clearly express the results of careful thought and prior drafts.  In the paper you turn in, dont waste space with filler material.

Avoid generalities not supported with specific analysis and evidence.  Anchor your paper in careful analysis of the talmudic story, not in broad generalities about Judaism. You should cite specific passages from the story to support your argument.

Do not, however, include long quotations of passages.  You are writing for an audience that has read these texts.  Instead, quote only what is absolutely necessary for your analysis.

Make every paragraph, sentence, and word count.  In three pages you dont have space to waste.

The first paragraph of your paper should include a succinct statement of what you are going to argue to answer the questions posed by this assignment. The following paragraphs should develop your argument to support the thesis that you have stated in your opening paragraph.  Your final paragraph should build on your argument to lead the reader into some implications of your thesis and argument for understanding the nature of the Written and Oral Torah.  Again, your argument must be supported by specific evidence from the story. You are trying to persuade the reader to agree with your thesis statement.

This assignment is not a research paper, but you should (as appropriate for your argument) interact with the readings and class discussions for the course.  You are also free (but not required) to pursue outside reading.  In any case, do not pass off the ideas of others as your own.  Footnote your use of the ideas of others.  For general citation guidelines, see Sources, Their Use and Acknowledgement (  Use the note method of citation. 

In general, material from the Internet has little value in lending support to your argument because most of the material has not been critically evaluated.  Anyone can say anything on a Web page.  Before you use information from the Internet, you must carefully evaluate its reliability.  You have to ask yourself, for example, from where the information is coming.  Dont believe something just because it is on a Web page.  You will lose points on your paper if you uncritically use material from the Internet.  If you choose to include material from the Internet, you must cite the source of the information.