## Determining Trends in Global Crime and Justice

Paper details

-it is under sociology too

-i don’t know how many pages should i choose

-please let me know if you can do it as soon as possible. thanks

Answer the following questions directly on these Assignment File pages and submit. Or, if you prefer to type your answers, use the assignment template available online, print, and submit.

These questions can be answered by consulting the following sources:

Uniform Crime Report Manual

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/document/3302_D7_T1_V1-eng.pdf

Determining Trends in Global Crime and Justice (UN Report)

http://www.unodc.org/pdf/crime/forum/forum3_Art2.pdf

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Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective (2004 – 2005)

http://rechten.uvt.nl/icvs/pdffiles/ICVS2004_05.pdf

CANSIM (Statistics Canada) Data from 2000 and prior Hint: Search catalogue files for keywords

http://dc1.chass.utoronto.ca.librweb.laurentian.ca/cansim/search.html

CANSIM Multidimensional (CANSIM II) Hint: Search by subject and use dimensions

http://dc1.chass.utoronto.ca.librweb.laurentian.ca/cansimdim/English/

The Canadian Center for Justice Statistics online Juristat reports

http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=85-002-X&CHROPG=1

OR

http://dsp-psd.communication.gc.ca/Collection-R/Statcan/85-002-XIE/85-002-XIE.html

Questions (answers can be from any of the above sources)

1) Canada’s homicide rate soared from 217 (1.43 per 100,000) to 633 (3.03 per 100,000) between these years: _____________ to ____________

2) During the 1980s what year had the highest number of robberies committed in Canada? ______

3) In what year did the highest number of robberies occur in Ontario? ________

4) By what percentage did the number of cocaine offences increase in 2006 for possession for Ontario? ________ and for trafficking, production, or distribution? ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬__________

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5) Use CANSIM to plot a regression line for the total Canadian criminal code offences between 1962 and 2001. Which years are above the regression line? _____________ to ____________ .

6) Between 1999 and 2009 there were two years in which 40 or more charges of possession of cocaine were laid by the Sudbury Regional Police – which years were they? __________and ___________. What is the average number of cocaine charges for this time period? (1999 to 2009) _________.

7) Rank the following countries according to their 1980-2000 homicide rate (5 for lowest and 1 for highest).

____ India ____Canada ____Egypt ___Mexico ___United States

8) Why might the lowest ranking country from the question above have such a low rate?

______________________________________

9) Which method of measuring homicide returns higher results: the UN or the WHO? _______

10) Which of the following geographic areas had the highest total crime rate per capita in 2000?

European Union North America Latin America

11) Which of the following geographic areas had the highest robbery rate per capita in 2000?

European Union North America Latin America

12) What location has the lowest homicide rate in Canada? (Hint: Juristat article released in 2007)

large urban small urban rural

13) What location has the highest total crime, violent crime and property crime in Canada?

large urban small urban rural

14) Rank the following countries by how much they report suffering from a crime (2004-2005). Place 5 on the lowest sufferer and 1 on the highest:

Canada Denmark England Japan New Zealand

Bike theft

Consumer Fraud

Robbery

Sexual Assault

15) When CCJS (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics) published Canada’s crime statistics for 2006 what was the main source of their data? _______________________________

16) According to 1997 Juristat research, from 1991 to 1995, 63 known prostitutes were killed in Canada. How many of these victims were females? ______________________

17) According to police statistics which year, between 1998 and 2009, had the highest number of cannabis possession offences for Canada? _________

18) What percentage of Canadian adults in 2009 reported being cyber-bullied? ____ What was the most common type of cyber-bullying reported by them? _________________

19) According to data from the 2009 General Social Survey, approximately what percentage of Canadians (15 years or older) reported being a victim of crime? _________

Short Answer Questions from course material

20) What crimes are most likely and least likely to be reported to police and why?

21) What are some of the difficulties involved in comparing crime rates between different countries?

CANSIM Questions

22) What does CANSIM stand for: ______________________________________________

What government agency provides the data: ___________________________________

What university provides the computer interface: _______________________________

23) Go to CANSIM 1. Find TOTAL NUMBER-HOMICIDE OFFENCES IN CANADA data.

a) What years does this data set include: 19_____ to 19_____

b) How many data points are there: ______________________________

c) What is the average number of homicides during these years: ________________

d) Take each yearly homicide count subtract the average and square the result.

Now add all those squared numbers. The sum is: __________________________

e) Now divide that sum (from above) by the number of data points minus one (n-1). Then find the square root of this total. What is that number (this is the standard deviation): ________

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24) Still using the TOTAL NUMBER-HOMICIDE OFFENCES IN CANADA data plot a line graph with a regression line. Use the end of the regression line to estimate the following. With the standard deviation you calculated in the first part, there is a 68% chance that the homicide rate in 1998 will fall between these two numbers (+/- one standard deviation): __________________

And a 95% chance that the 1998 total will fall between these two numbers (+/- two standard deviations): ______________________________

Go to CANSIM II. What is the total homicide number in Canada for 1998: _____________

Does this fall inside ONE Standard Deviation as predicted: YES or NO

CANSIM II (CANSIM Multidimensional) Questions [1998-2009 data]

25) Find the averages for the following data sets:

SUDBURY, ONTARIO; TOTAL, HOMICIDE; RATE PER 100,000 _____

SUDBURY, ONTARIO; TOTAL, FEDERAL STATUE VIOLATIONS; RATE PER 100,000 ______

26) The total number of violent crimes in Sudbury cleared by charge

Sum:____________________ Average number: _____________________

27) The total number of violent crimes in Sudbury cleared otherwise

Sum:_____________________ Average number: _____________________

28) The total number of homicides in Sudbury cleared by charge

Sum: _____________________ Average per year: _____________________

29) The total number of homicides in Sudbury cleared otherwise

Sum: _____________________ Average per year:_____________________

Statistics Sources

30) In the paper ‘Exploring Crime Patterns in Canada’ (http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-561-m/85-561-m2005005-eng.pdf) Stats Canada draws several conclusions between socio-economic trends and their relationship to the crime rate. From what initial sources do they derive the following statistics?

STATISTIC SOURCE

Crime Rates _____________________________

Age _____________________________

Unemployment _____________________________

Inflation _____________________________

Alcohol _____________________________

*…….*

UCR Reports

Using the rules of the Uniform Crime Report, fill in the following 2 UCR reports:

31) Three crazed male Austrians storm Canada’s parliament during a Royal visit. They throw a bottle of their urine at the Right Honorable Stephen Harper and attack Her Royal Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. They manage to tear off an ear before they are arrested. Due to diplomatic pressure they are deported.

OFFENCES Known Unfounded Actual Number OFFENCES CLEARED

By Police By Charge Otherwise

ADULTS CHARGED: Male: Female: YOUTH CHARGED: Male: Female: NOT CHARGED:

32) Two male youths and two male adults steal a pickup truck with tinted windows and a large subwoofer. The next day the truck is used as a getaway vehicle as the gang robs a Royal Bank filled with 26 customers. The gang is caught and all are charged.

OFFENCES Known Unfounded Actual Number OFFENCES CLEARED

By Police By Charge Otherwise

ADULTS CHARGED: Male: Female: YOUTH CHARGED: Male: Female:

NOT CHARGED: